Class 12 political science chapter 2 question answer in english

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Era of one party dominance question answers: Ncert solutions for class 12 political science Era of one party dominance

TextbookNCERT
ClassClass 12
SubjectPolitical Science 2nd book
ChapterChapter 2
Chapter NameEra of one party dominance ncert solutions
CategoryNcert Solutions
MediumEnglish

Are you looking for Class 12 political science chapter 2 question answer in english? Now you can download Ncert solutions for class 12 political science era of one party dominance pdf from here.

note: All these questions and answers are based on the new syllabus. So the chapter numbers may seem different to you.

Question 1: Choose the correct option to fill in the blanks.

  • (a) The First General Elections in 1952 involved simultaneous elections to the Lok Sabha and ………………….(The President of India/ State Assemblies/ Rajya Sabha/ The Prime Minister)
  • (b) The party that won the second largest number of Lok Sabha seats in the first elections was the………………….(Praja Socialist Party/ Bharatiya Jana Sangh/ Communist Party of India/Bharatiya Janata Party)
  • (c) One of the guiding principles of the ideology of the Swatantra Party was………………… (Working class interests/ protection of Princely States / economy free from State control / Autonomy of States within the Union)

Answer 1:

  • (a) The First General Elections in 1952 involved simultaneous elections to the Lok Sabha and State Assemblies.
  • (b) The party that won the second largest number of Lok Sabha seats in the first elections was the Communist Party of India.
  • (c) One of the guiding principles of the ideology of the Swatantra Party was economy free from State control.

Question 2: Match the following leaders listed in List A with the parties in List B.

List AList B
(a) S. A. Dangei. Bharatiya Jana Sangh
(b) Shyama Prasad Mukherjeeii. Swatantra Party
(c) Minoo Masaniiii. Praja Socialist Party
(d) Asoka Mehtaiv. Communist Party of India

Answer 2:

List AList B
(a) S. A. Dangeiv. Communist Party of India
(b) Shyama Prasad Mukherjeei. Bharatiya Jana Sangh
(c) Minoo Masaniii. Swatantra Party
(d) Asoka Mehtaiii. Praja Socialist Party

Question 3: Four statements regarding one- party dominance are given below. Mark each of them as true or false.

  • (a) One-party dominance is rooted in the absence of strong alternative political parties.
  • (b) One-party dominance occurs because of weak public opinion.
  • (c) One-party dominance is linked to the nation’s colonial past.
  • (d) One-party dominance reflects the absence of democratic ideals in a country.

Answer 3:

  • (a) True
  • (b) False
  • (c) True
  • (d) False

Question 4: Take a political map of India (with State outlines) and mark:

  • (a) two states where Congress was not in power at some point during 1952-67.
  • (b) two states where the Congress remained in power through this period.

Answer 4:

  • (a) Examplеs: Kеrala and Jammu & Kahmir.
  • (b) Examplеs: Punjab and Uttar Pradеsh.

Question 5: Read the following passage and answer the questions below:

“Patel, the organisational man of the Congress, wanted to purge the Congress of other political groups and sought to make of it a cohesive and disciplined political party. He …. sought to take the Congress away from its all-embracing character and turn it into a close-knit party of disciplined cadres. Being a ‘realist’ he looked more for discipline than for comprehension. While Gandhi took too romantic a view of “carrying on the movement,” Patel’s idea of transforming the Congress into strictly political party with a single ideology and tight discipline showed an equal lack of understanding of the eclectic role that the Congress, as a government, was to be called upon to perform in the decades to follow.” — Rajni Kothari

  • (a) Why does the author think that Congress should not have been a cohesive and disciplined party?
  • (b) Give some examples of the eclectic role of the Congress party in the early years.
  • (c) Why does the author say that Gandhi’s view about Congress’ future was romantic?

Answer 5:

(i) Why does the author think that Congress should not have been a cohesive and disciplined party?

Ans. The author thinks of Congress as a party which has a multi-dimensional ideology which is important for ruling a diverse nation like India. The author did not want the party to have a single stringent ideology.

(ii) Give some examples of the eclectic role of the Congress party in the early years.

Ans. Congress was the most important party during the Indian independence movement and launched numerous mass movements for attainment of the freedom. Due to its work during the independence movement, it was rewarded in the elections after the independence and for a long time was able to rule at the centre.

(iii) Why does the author say that Gandhi’s view about Congress’ future was romantic?

Ans. Gandhiji was positive about the Congress’s future as he was impressed by the ideology of the Congress Party under the leadership of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru.

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