Political Science Class 12 chapter 7 question answers in english

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Globalisation class 12 question answers: Ncert solutions for class 12 political science Globalisation

TextbookNCERT
ClassClass 12
SubjectPolitical Science
ChapterChapter 7
Chapter NameGlobalisation class 12 ncert solutions
CategoryNcert Solutions
MediumEnglish

Are you looking for Political Science Class 12 chapter 7 question answers in english? Now you can download Ncert solutions for class 12 political science Globalisation pdf from here.

note: All these questions and answers are based on the new syllabus. So the chapter numbers may seem different to you.

Question 1: Which of the statements are TRUE about globalisation?

  • a. Globalisation is purely an economic phenomenon.
  • b. Globalisation began in 1991.
  • c. Globalisation is the same thing as westernisation.
  • d. Globalisation is a multi-dimensional phenomenon.

Answer 1: d. Globalisation is a multi-dimensional phenomenon.

Question 2: Which of the statements are TRUE about the impact of globalisation?

  • a. Globalisation has been uneven in its impact on states and societies.
  • b. Globalisation has had a uniform impact on all states and societies.
  • c. The impact of globalisation has been confined to the politicalsphere.
  • d. Globalisation inevitably results in cultural homogeneity.

Answer 2: a. Globalisation has been uneven in its impact on states and societies.

Question 3: Which of the statements are TRUE about the causes of globalisation?

  • a. Technology is an important cause of globalisation.
  • b. Globalisation is caused by a particular community of people.
  • c. Globalisation originated in the US.
  • d. Economic interdependence alone causes globalisation.

Answer 3: a. Technology is an important cause of globalisation.

Question 4: Which of the statements are TRUE about globalisation?

  • a. Globalisation is only about movement of commodities
  • b. Globalisation does not involve a conflict of values.
  • c. Services are an insignificant part of globalisation.
  • d. Globalisation is about worldwide interconnectedness.

Answer 4: d. Globalisation is about worldwide interconnectedness.

Question 5: Which of the statements are FALSE about globalisation?

  • a. Advocates of globalisation argue that it will result in greater economic growth.
  • b. Critics of globalisation argue that it will result in greater economic disparity.
  • c. Advocates of globalisation argue that it will result in cultural homogenisation.
  • d. Critics of globalisation argue that it will result in cultural homogenisation.

Answer 5: c. Advocates of globalisation argue that it will result in cultural homogenisation.

Question 6: What is worldwide interconnectedness? What are its components?

Answer 6: Worldwide interconnectedness refers to the process through which various nations and peoples across the globe are interconnected with each other through economic, political, social, and cultural interactions. This phenomenon is a core aspect of globalization. Here are its components based on your description:

  • Capital Flow: This involves the movement of financial resources across borders through loans, investments, and financial transactions.
  • Trade Flows of Goods: It involves the exchange and circulation of goods and services among countries, driven by international trade agreements and market demands.
  • Labour Flow: This component encompasses the movement of people across borders in search of employment opportunities, contributing to both brain drain and brain gain effects globally.

Question 7: How has technology contributed to globalisation?

Answer 7: Here are some key points on how technology has contributed to globalization:

(i) Communication: Technology, especially the internet and mobile phones, has facilitated instant communication across the globe, enabling businesses, governments, and individuals to connect and collaborate seamlessly.

(ii) Trade and Commerce: E-commerce platforms have expanded market reach, allowing businesses to sell products and services internationally, breaking down traditional barriers to trade.

(iii) Information Flow: Digital technologies have democratized access to information, empowering individuals and organizations with knowledge about global trends, markets, and opportunities.

(iv) Cultural Exchange: Social media and digital content platforms have facilitated cultural exchange and understanding by connecting people from diverse backgrounds and promoting shared experiences.

(v) Political Influence: Technology has enabled rapid dissemination of political ideas and movements globally, influencing policies and governance beyond national borders.

(vi) Education and Skills: Online learning platforms and digital resources have enhanced access to education and skills training, contributing to a more globally competitive workforce.

(vii) Environmental Impact: Technologies for sustainable development and environmental monitoring have fostered global cooperation in addressing transnational challenges like climate change.

These points illustrate how technology has played a crucial role in driving globalization across economic, social, cultural, and political dimensions.

Question 8: Critically evaluate the impact of the changing role of the state in the developing countries in the light of globalisation.

Answer 8: The impact of changing role of state in the developing countries in the light of globalisation can be summed up as follows:

  • Globalisation reduces the state capacity i.e. the ability of governments to do what they do.
  • Market becomes the prime concern to set down economic and social priorities.
  • Multinational companies effect on the decisions taken by government because their own interest fulfillment also depends on government policies.
  • The old welfare state is now giving way to more minimalist state to perform certain core functions as maintenance of law and order and the security.
  • State also withdraws from many of its welfare functions taken place at the level of economic and social wellbeing.
  • To some extent developing countries have received a boost as a result of globalisation and became more strong and powerful clue to emergence of new technology.

Question 9: What are the economic implications of globalisation? How has globalisation impacted on India with regard to this particular dimension?

Answer 9: Economic aspects of globalisation shapes a large part of the content and direction of contemporary debates surrounding globalisation. Economic globalisation is related to the distribution of economic gains, i.e. who gets the most from globalisation and who gets less, indeed who loses from it.

Positive Economic Implications of Globalization:

(i) Increased Economic Integration: Globalization has facilitated greater economic flows among countries through increased trade in goods and services.

(ii) Trade Expansion: It has significantly enhanced India’s participation in global trade, particularly in sectors like information technology, pharmaceuticals, and services.

(iii) Reduced Trade Barriers: Globalization has led to a reduction in barriers to trade and investment, benefiting Indian industries by providing access to larger markets and foreign capital.

(iv) Technological Advancements: It has spurred technological advancements in India, particularly in sectors like IT and telecommunications, fostering innovation and productivity gains.

Negative Economic Implications of Globalization:

(i) Income Inequality: Globalization has exacerbated income inequality in India, with benefits often accruing disproportionately to urban and skilled workers, while rural and unskilled laborers face challenges.

(ii) Inequality in Labor Mobility: Developed countries have implemented strict visa policies, limiting the mobility of labor across borders and potentially exacerbating job insecurities.

(iii) Increasing Disparities: There is a concern that globalisation has widened economic disparities between countries and within societies, exacerbating wealth inequalities. It has created disparities among states also by making the rich more richer and the poor more poorer.

Impact of Globalization on India:

(i) Job Creation in New Sectors: Globalisation has spurred the creation of jobs in sectors such as telecommunications (cell phones), services (fast food), and other emerging industries.

(ii) Emergence of Indian Multinationals: Companies like Reliance industries, TATA have grown into multinational corporations, contributing to India’s prominence in global trade and commerce.

(iii) Increased Foreign Direct Investment (FDI): India has attracted significant FDI inflows, fostering economic growth through investments in infrastructure, manufacturing, and services sectors.

(iv) Stimulation of Export-Oriented Activities: Globalisation has encouraged export-oriented activities, boosting India’s participation in global supply chains and enhancing its competitiveness in international markets.

(v) Consumer Choice: Globalization has provided Indian consumers with a wider variety of goods and services, enhancing consumer choice and quality of life.

(vi) Challenges in Agriculture: While globalization has benefited certain sectors, Indian agriculture has faced challenges due to competition from subsidized imports and fluctuating global commodity prices, impacting rural livelihoods.

Question 10: Do you agree with the argument that globalisation leads to cultural heterogeneity?

Answer 10: Cultural consequences do not assume to lead to cultural heterogeneity only. All cultures accept outside influences all the time. Some external influences may be negative even to reduce our choices. Sometime external influences enlarge the choices or modify our culture without overwhelming the traditions i. e. the burger is not a substitute for a masala dosa, blue jeans can go well with a homespun Khadi-Kurta (a nique new combination by external influences). Hence, it can be said that globalisation does not lead cultural heterogeneity every time but it is supportive to promote cultural outlook and cultural homogenisation.

Question 11: How has globalisation impacted on India and how is India in turn impacting on globalisation?

Answer 11: Impacts of Globalization on India:

  • Economic Growth: Increased integration into global markets has contributed to India’s economic growth through trade and investment.
  • Technology Transfer: Access to global technologies has boosted sectors like IT, telecommunications, and manufacturing.
  • Cultural Exchange: Exposure to global media, entertainment, and cultural trends has diversified India’s cultural landscape.
  • Social Changes: Urbanization and migration have been accelerated, influencing social structures and lifestyles.
  • Political Influence: India’s role in global forums like the WTO has increased, shaping global economic policies.

India’s Impact on Globalization:

  • Market Expansion: India’s large consumer market attracts multinational corporations, influencing global market strategies.
  • IT and Services: Indian IT services have become globally competitive, shaping the outsourcing industry worldwide.
  • Cultural Influence: Bollywood, Indian cuisine, and spiritual practices have gained global popularity, influencing global culture.
  • Soft Power: India’s democratic governance and cultural diversity contribute to its soft power on the global stage.
  • Climate Change: India’s stance on climate change and sustainable development influences global environmental policies.

These points highlight how globalization has both affected India and how India has contributed to the globalized world order.

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