Ncert Class 8 History Book pdf in English 2024-25

Ncert Class 8 Our Past III Book pdf 2024-25: Cbse Class 8 History Ncert Book pdf 2024-25

Ncert Class 8 History Book pdf in English 2024-25 The Class 8 NCERT History book, titled “Our Pasts III,” provides students with an in-depth understanding of India’s rich and diverse historical heritage. This book aims to broaden students’ perspectives on historical events, social structures, and cultural transformations that have shaped the modern world. By delving into various epochs of Indian history, the book encourages students to think critically about the past and its relevance to contemporary issues.

Chapter 1: How, When, and Where The opening chapter addresses the methodologies of studying history. It explains how historians gather evidence, interpret sources, and understand chronology. By discussing various types of historical sources like manuscripts, inscriptions, and oral traditions, the chapter emphasizes the importance of critical analysis and contextual understanding in the study of history.

Chapter 2: From Trade to Territory This chapter explores the establishment and expansion of British rule in India. It covers the East India Company’s transformation from a trading entity to a political power. Key events such as the Battle of Plassey, the Treaty of Allahabad, and the establishment of British supremacy are discussed. The chapter also examines the administrative changes and policies introduced by the British that had a lasting impact on Indian society and economy.

Chapter 3: Ruling the Countryside The focus here is on the agrarian policies implemented by the British in India. The chapter discusses the Permanent Settlement, Ryotwari, and Mahalwari systems, and their effects on farmers and rural society. It highlights the economic exploitation and social changes brought about by these policies, leading to widespread rural distress and agrarian revolts.

Chapter 4: Tribals, Dikus, and the Vision of a Golden Age This chapter delves into the lives of tribal communities in India during the colonial period. It examines the impact of British policies on tribal societies, including land alienation, forest laws, and exploitation by moneylenders and traders. The chapter also highlights the tribal resistance movements and their vision of an ideal society free from oppression.

📚 Ncert Class 8 History Book pdf in English 📚

Chapter 5: When People Rebel – 1857 and After The Revolt of 1857, also known as the First War of Indian Independence, is the focus of this chapter. It covers the causes, main events, key figures, and consequences of the rebellion. The chapter emphasizes the widespread nature of the revolt and its significance as a turning point in Indian history, leading to the end of the East India Company’s rule and the beginning of direct British Crown rule.

Chapter 6: Civilising the “Native”, Educating the Nation This chapter examines the British educational policies in India and their cultural impact. It discusses the introduction of Western education, the establishment of schools and colleges, and the debates over language and curriculum. The chapter highlights the dual role of education as a tool for colonial control and as a means for Indians to challenge colonial rule and seek social reform.

Chapter 7: Women, Caste, and Reform The social reform movements of the 19th and early 20th centuries are the focus of this chapter. It covers the efforts to address issues such as women’s rights, caste discrimination, and child marriage. The chapter highlights the contributions of key reformers and the impact of these movements on Indian society, leading to significant social changes and the emergence of new ideas of equality and justice.

Chapter 8: The Making of the National Movement – 1870s-1947 The Indian National Movement is the focus of this chapter, covering its origins, key events, and major figures. It discusses the formation of the Indian National Congress, the role of leaders like Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, and Subhas Chandra Bose, and the various phases of the struggle for independence. The chapter emphasizes the mass participation, strategies of non-violence and civil disobedience, and the eventual success in achieving independence in 1947.

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